PERM - The poem of the town PERM - The poem of the town
PERM - The poem of the town PERM - The poem of the town

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Perm in the late 19th - early 20th centuries

Perm in the late 19th - early 20th centuries


In the mid twelfth century an Arab traveller Abu Hammed al-Garnati wrote that "beyond Visu, in the Sea of Darkness there is a region named Yura. A summer day is very long there. Thus, some merchants tell that the sun does not set for 40 days... Swords they bring from the Islam countries give them a fat profit ... They bring the m to the country of Visu where beavers abound and the people of Visu bring them to Yura and the people of Yura buy the m for sable fur..." This was the way they traded in our land eight centuries ago.

In eighteenth century the settlement of Yegoshikha brought about a market and to a certain extent the town grew and broadened due to its tradesmen.

Yevgraph . Tupitsin (1832 - 1878)

Yevgraph Ê. Tupitsin (1832 - 1878). An enterpriser, he built the first phosphorus plant in Russia and was a successful competitor of the English monopolists in Russian markets

For a long time the merchants were mistreated by both Russian writers and fellow-countrymen. While to be a merchant one needs prudence and ardour, assertiveness and gumption, taste for venturing and energy for undertaking. The list of things the Russian inherited from their eminent and obscure merchants should be long and diverse. Merchants built and equipped factories and plants, developed industry.

In 1855 I. F. Lyubimov built a steam tugboat in Perm and later a shipping company was organized. The Kamensky brothers, shipowners, found ship-building works and launched four vessels... In 1870s the first Russian phosphorus plant of Tupitsyn, Nechaev's paper mill, Kalinin's hardware factory were opened. Various enterprises, producing ropes, matches and bricks, sawing wood and brewing beers, dressing hides and making sweets, appeared in the town.

In June, September and November noisy fairs were held in Perm. In 1863 the first bank was started, its funds being 13 000 rubbles. The real and movable property of the town increased.

For charity Perm was obliged to its merchants: the Kamenskies funded construction works in the Dormition nunnery and church, the church of the Virgin of Kazan, a shelter for girls, an almshouse, a refuge for poor children. Gubkin, Kuznetsov and Lyubimov helped a lot in organizing the Maryinsky classical school for girls, Lyubimov gave his house to the technical college and donated money to the Vergin's almshouse. The list could be continued. Well, the most original buildings in Perm are left us by the merchants Gribushin, Meshkov, Lyubimov...

Ivan I. Lyubimov (1838 - 1899)

Ivan I. Lyubimov (1838 - 1899). An enterpriser and shipowner, known for his chanty. The Mayor of Perm in 1871 - 1874 and 1876 - 1878

Their activities were cruelly interrupted for long. It was not before the 1990s that enterprise and business were restored and encouraged.

The city's appearance is changing - new businessmen and tradesmen open their shops and stores, boutiques and kiosks. Kommersant, Eldorado, Stometrovka (i.e. A-Hundred-Meters) and other new names are already familiar to the citizens of Perm. However, old signs of The 1st Gastronom (the central food store), Universam (a Soviet kind of "mini-supermarket"), Tsum (the central department store) and others still attract them, too. People go to The Newly-weds' Parlour before wedding or to Folk Crafts if they need a unique present. For everyday shopping they go to minimarkets. Many people prefer the Central Market. It serves up to forty thousand customers per day, quickly reacts to their wishes, is profitable and contributes enormously to the city budget through taxes it pays.

Perm has a Financial-Industrial Group determining the city's trade strategy. The Group has some branches: Perm Fund Company, Lukoil-Perm, Nyeftsynthezmarket and others.

It is difficult to foresee companies or enterprisers to make record in the history of Perm in the twenty first century.

Manufacturing and trading companies export products and raw materials from Perm on their own. They sell aircraft engines, oil and oil-refining products, fertilizers, cables, paper, paints and lacquers, motor saws, engine-driven pumps, bicycles, telephone sets, motors, detergents, lumber and what not. We have enough to offer the world, though it is rather difficult to make up for lost time.

Perm knows the laws of market - it has always been a merchant town.

Eugenia P. Serebrennikova (1854 -1897)

Eugenia P. Serebrennikova (1854 -1897). A famous ophthalmologist, she founded the blind's school in Perm

Pavel N. Serebrennikov (1848 - 1917)

Pavel N. Serebrennikov (1848 - 1917). A doctor, well-known for his charity, he opened dining-rooms for the poor and organized a children sanatorium in Lower Kurya. One of the founders of Perm Scientific-Industrial Museum

Dmitry D. Smushlayev (1828 - 1893)

Dmitry D. Smushlayev (1828 - 1893). The first Chairman of Perm Town Council, a journalist, student in local lore, publisher

Nikolai A. Firsov (1831 - 1896)

Nikolai A. Firsov (1831 - 1896). À history teacher in the men classical school, prominent public figure



A fair in the end of the 19th century

A fair in the end of the 19th century

Perm market in the past
Siberian Street's starting point was here

Perm market in the past

Siberian Street's starting point was here

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Alexander Kashintsev © The city of Perm