PERM - The poem of the town PERM - The poem of the town
PERM - The poem of the town PERM - The poem of the town

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HISTORICAL PERM

 
     
 
Motovilikha. 1914-s
 
 

Motovilikha. 1914-s

 

"Who knows? Maybe, great minds and rare talents will be born on the Kama's wild banks... and they will cross the whole field of sciences with giant steps..." K. Batyushkov, a poet, tells that these words were said to Montesquieu by the Prince Kantemir, the Russian ambassador at the court of Louis XV.

Nikolai V. Meshkov (1851-1933)

Nikolai V. Meshkov (1851 - 1933). An enterpriser, public figure and patron of arts, known for his chanty

A thick book could be written about Perm's scientists, teachers, medical people, chroniclers, inventors.

They have always included devotees and enthusiasts. Such was Dr. Fyodor Ch. Gral who headed the city hospital in 1798 to 1818 and treated all Perm, often free of charge. Moreover, he regularly inspected villages in Perm environs. Nowadays Perm doctors are honoured with the Gral Prize Diplomas for their devoted work in medicine. Such was P. I. Pichugin who founded the first children hospital in Perm. Such was E. P. Serebrennikova, an ophthalmologist. Thousands of students went through the school of E. A Wagner, the Academician and famous surgeon. At present the most difficult operations are performed by his pupils. In 1997 two surgeons, Profs A. S. Denisov and V. A. Bruns were awarded the State Prizes of Russia. Profs I. P. Koryukina and M. A. Krasovitskaya got awards for their solving environmental problems.

Pedagogical traditions in Perm are as deep and prominent as medical ones. Taking over the post of the Director of classical school and all schools for the poor in Perm in 1844, I. F. Gratsinsky raised funds for constructing the classical school building and providing poor students with grants. At present the situation directors and teachers of Perm schools got into may be even more hard. However, they search not only for funds but also for the enlightenment ways of their own.

Fyodor Ch. Gral (1770 - 1835)

Fyodor Ch. Gral (1770 - 1835). À legendary Perm doctor and great humanist, well-known and respected for his generosity and chanty, he was called "holy doctor"

When the first university was established in Perm some gifted scientists came to the town: K. D. Pokrovsky, S. P. Obnorsky, B. D. Grekov, M. V. Ptukha, A. A. Polkanov and many others. Sciences took start at the 'star' level in Perm. In the 1920s Prof. A. A. Friedman corrected Einstein's relativity theory and offered a new mathe matical model for the universe. Prof. P. N. Chirvinsky contributed to determining the che mical composition of the Earth globe and founded a new science - palaeohydrology. Two new branches of geology, palaeontology and karst studies, were started in Perm. The Perm geological school - P. M. Preobrazhensky, G. A. Maksimovich, P. K. Chudinov and others - is world-known.

There is also the Perm biology school launched by A. G. Genkel, A. A. Zavarzin, V. N. Beklemishev. There is the Perm archaeology school- N. N. Novokreshchennykh began excavations near the village of Gladyenovo and passed 24 000 items to Perm Scientific-Industrial Museum. F. A. Volegov, A. E. and F. A. Teploukhovs continued his activities and set up the unique Perm animal style collection. Then O. N. Bader, V. A. Oborin... We should also mention the Perm ethnography school - G. N. Chagin and his colleagues restlessly and enthusiastically restore and collect the folk lore of Perm region. We should mention the mathematical schools' founders I. M. Vinogradov and S. N. Chemikov, physicists I. G. Shaposhnikov andG. Z. Gershuni,chemists D. M. Marko, N. I. Kromer, V.F. Ustkachkintsev and Yu. S. Andreichikov, historians L. E. Kertman and P. Yu. Rakhshmir, philologists M. A. Kozhina, R. V. Komina, S. Ya. Fradkina and L. N. Murzin, geographers V. A. Kondakov and Yu. M. Matarzin...

Vasily N. Shishonko (1831 - 1889)

Vasily N. Shishonko (1831 - 1889). A student of local and folk lore, ethnographer and public figure, he wrote the 7-volume Perm Chronicle

Perm University is Alma Mater for research institutes and centres as well as for other Perm institutes whichturned into academies and universities now: Medical, Pharmaceutical, Pedagogical, Agricultural, Polytechnic.

Nowadays the most numerous postgraduate school and the greatest number of Doctors of Sciences are in Technical University. Its partner is unique All-Russian Engineering-&-Technical Centre of Non-Ferrous Powder Metallurgy that takes part in carrying out state and multi-institute programmes in Russia. Perm Research Centre of the Ural branch of Russian Academy of Sciences combines Mechanics-of-Continua Researchlnstitute.Technical Chemistry Researchln-stitute, Mining Research Institute, Environment and Microbiological Genetics Research Institute.

Sciences and industries are tightly and closely related. Professors rule enterprises. L. N. Kozlov, the world-known chemist, a RAS Corresponding Member, headed the giant of the Kirov Scientific-&-Technical Association for a long time. Professor V. F. Prikhodyko is the Director of the Kord-Ex Scientific-&-Production Enterprise. Managed by a RAS Corresponding Member, V. P. Matveenko, Mechanics-of-Continua Research Institute carries out production orders alongside with world-level researches.

To cut a long story short, Perm is a mighty educational and research centre with an extreme potential source. Indeed, Perm has it, the never-ending source able to support us and show the way towards better life.

       
 

Dmitry D. Smushlayev (1828 - 1893). The first Chairman of Perm Town Council, a journalist, student in local lore, publisher

Emily E. Anikina (1886 - 1983)

Emily E. Anikina (1886 - 1983). À biologist and environmentalist, lecturer at Pharmaceutical Institute since 1942

 
       
 
Boris N. Nazarovsky (1904 - 1972)

Boris N. Nazarovsky (1904 - 1972). A journalist, student in local lore, expert in Perm region history. His studies helped the city public realize the year Perm was founded

Savvaty M. Gints (1903 - 1974)

Savvaty M. Gints (1903 - 1974). À journalist, writer, editor

 
     
 
The first White Flower charity action in 1911. Volunteers sold self-made flowers and the raised money was spent to open out-patient clinics and to built sanatoriums
 
 

The first White Flower charity action in 1911. Volunteers sold self-made flowers and the raised money was spent to open out-patient clinics and to built sanatoriums

 
     
 
Pavel I. Pichugin (1876 - 1954).  founder of the first children hospital in Perm
 
 

Pavel I. Pichugin (1876 - 1954). À founder of the first children hospital in Perm

 
     
 
Members of Perm Province Scientific Archive Commission (1888 - 1917). Late 19th century
 
 

Members of Perm Province Scientific Archive Commission (1888 - 1917). Late 19th century

 
     
 
Girls from the Maryinsky women classical school with their headmistress A. G. Gratsinsky
 
 

Girls from the Maryinsky women classical school with their headmistress A. G. Gratsinsky

 
     
 
Teachers of the men classical school with the headmaster I. F. Gratsinsky
 
 

Teachers of the men classical school with the headmaster I. F. Gratsinsky

 
     
 
Perm culture activists at the opening of Perm University, 1916
 
 

Perm culture activists at the opening of Perm University, 1916

 
     
 
At the Kobyaks' country house. The Kobyaks were enterprisers and public figures. Kobyak Senior was an editor of the Perm Province Gazette
 
 

At the Kobyaks' country house. The Kobyaks were enterprisers and public figures. Kobyak Senior was an editor of the Perm Province Gazette

 
     
 
Old building of Perm University
 
 

Old building of Perm University

 

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Alexander Kashintsev © The city of Perm