PERM - The poem of the town PERM - The poem of the town
PERM - The poem of the town PERM - The poem of the town

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LIRICAL PERM

 

In 1379 a Christian sermon was given for the first time on the Kama banks: a monk Stephen, later called Stephen of Perm the Great, preached to the Komi-Permyaks. In 1455 the people of Cherdyn were baptized by Bishop Piterim. Bishop Iona set churches in our land. There were some war campaigns and spiritual missions so that in 1505 Perm the Great joined the state of Moscow and its land became Russian. Alongside with the first copper foundry temples were constructed: in 1726 the Church of St. Peter and Paul was consecrated.

Eugene A. Popov

Eugene A. Popov (1824 - 1888). An archpriest, he studied theology, history and local lore

When the province of Perm was established by the Tsar, the Arms of the town had "a silver bear upon a red field, and the Gospel set in golden framework upon the bear, and a silver cross above the Gospel..." The Emperor crown above the shield of the province's Arms meant that the province of Perm was under the protection and power of the Russian Tsar. The Gospel was a symbol of the Russian Orthodox Church power. By the beginning of the nineteenth century there were four churches in Perm.

John, the Father Superior in the Eparchy of Perm, cared about opening a consistory and seminary. People famous in the land attended the se minary: an archpriest E. A. Popov who became the Eparchy's historian, A. S. Popov who invented the first radio set receiving electric signals by air, a writer D. N. Mamin-Sibiryak, a priest I. M. Pervushin who was elected a Corresponding Me mber of the Academies in Saint-Petersburg, Paris and Naples, Dr. P. N. Serebrennikov, a public figure, and many others.

The Reverend Justin composed a Slavic grammar book for theological colleges and schools and gave his library to the se minary. Bishop Arkady was a zealous missionary. Archbishop Antony helped to built the Dormition nunnery. Bishop Vladimir is remembered because in his time the Eparchy got a school for women and the number of church schools in the province increased three times.

Chapel of Stephen of Perm the Great.

Chapel of Stephen of Perm the Great

Churches, monasteries and cloisters in the province were built by the care of the Eparchy senior priests with the money raised by parishioners. Thus, Archbishop S. A. Lukanin did a lot to open the monastery on the White Mount and some churches in Perm, i.e. the church of St. Sophia at the Eparchy's women school, the church of St. Nicolas and Alexander at the Maryinsky classical school and the church of St. Michael at the blind's school. The Cathedral, the church of Sludka, the church of John the Gildmouth, the Resumption church and others were open. By the beginning of the twentieth century there were 20 Russian Orthodox churches and Cathedral and 1 church of those schismatic who joined the Orthodox Church in Perm.

People practising other religions had churches and temples of their own. Thus, there were a Protestant church, a Catholic church, a mosque, a synagogue.

In Russia for several generations the symbols of faithwere substituted. Temples were destroyed or used for purposes distant from God. In the province the high Christian idea endured the persecutions and survived while priests serving it patiently suffered and died under torture. Many of them are listed now as the Holy Orthodox Church martyrs.

Holy Trinity Church

Holy Trinity Church in Motovilikha, 2001

Faith in the Communist future misled a good many people from the way to God. Martyrs to their dogma, they were far from being tolerant. But they built plants and factories, houses and schools, developed science, went to the front and died for their Motherland in the 1940s, strained every nerve working at the home front, erected the Kamsky Hydroelectric Station, flied in the space...

As our fellow-countryman, Michael Osorgin wrote, "both those celebrating and those suffering from the celebration were united by faith that all sufferings, privations ... were just a terrible turning point between the past and future... Looking ahead, they believed or wanted to believe that everything would get all right... Perhaps, they were wrong but they thought so. And as far as they were able to, each in his or her own walk of life, they tried to adjust both personal and public life upon the quite new basis..."

Life upon the quite new basis. This is far from easy - the spiritual choice of the man is never easy. But on the Earth only human beings have the spiritual vision, the soul, conscience, mind in order to think over the past, understand the present, choose the future.

His Holiness Patriarch of Moscow and alt Russia Alexios II
Holy Trinity Church of Sludka

His Holiness Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia Alexios II

Holy Trinity Church of Sludka

   
Church of St. Peter and Paul. The first stone building in Perm
Church in Upper Kurya

Church of St. Peter and Paul. The first stone building in Perm

Church in Upper Kurya

   
Russian Orthodox sermon
Catholic Church sermon

Russian Orthodox sermon

Catholic Church sermon

   
Lutheran kirche
Photo

Lutheran Kirche

 

   
Photo
Photo

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Alexander Kashintsev © The city of Perm